Reasons for the excess eyelid skin
Hernias can appear on the upper and lower eyelids. The reason is weakening of the muscles around the eyes and decrease in tissue elasticity. In fact, this is a bulging of fatty tissue in certain places of the eyelid due to age-related changes. Heredity and the presence of bad habits also matter.
It is possible to tighten the skin of the eyelids using plastic surgery and non-surgical methods. The correction method in each case is selected individually, depending on the condition of the skin around the eyes and the health of the body.
1. Non-surgical eyelid blepharoplasty is considered the most painless and atraumatic correction method. In addition, it has minimum of contraindications and possible complications.
There are two techniques:
Injection. Medicines are injected under the skin to make it smoother and more elastic.
Includes: laser, ultrasound, thermal, thermolifting, electro, etc.
presence of pacemaker;
infectious and autoimmune diseases;
inflammatory diseases of the skin around the eyes (barley);
After non-surgical blepharoplasty of the lower or upper eyelids, no scars remain. The effect lasts from 1 year (injections) to 7 years (laser procedures).
However, the non-surgical method eliminates only minor defects: shallow wrinkles, small excess fat.
If the problem is more serious or patient is more than 50 years old, it is more advisable to apply plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery. Excess adipose tissue and skin are removed surgically. The incisions are made in the natural folds of the skin so that scars are not visible. In the area of the lower eyelid, it is possible to eliminate hernias through the mucous membrane of the eye, that is, without incisions.
problems with blood clotting;
suffered heart attack or stroke;
chronic kidney or liver failure;
the period of pregnancy and lactation.
Non-specific factors, due to which the operation cannot be performed, include:
inflammatory processes of the skin around the eyelids;
dry eye syndrome;
deep scars at the temple;
blepharospasm or glaucoma.
Sutures after blepharoplasty are not removed, as special absorbable sutures are used.
In the first days after the operation, edema is observed: this is a natural reaction of the body. Swelling can be reduced by applying cold compresses.
Also, patients must adhere to certain rules for the early rehabilitation after blepharoplasty:
eliminate stress on the eyes and eyelids (reading, computer, TV, contact lenses, bright light);
give up smoking and alcohol (to avoid large swelling), from salty foods;
sleep only on your back using a high pillow;
replace contact lenses with glasses for a month;
try not to tilt your head;
protect eyelids and eyes from external influences (wind, bright light, cosmetics, soap);
wash your face with chamomile decoction;
avoid baths and saunas;
carefully perform special exercises for the eyes.
The rehabilitation period lasts from 7 to 10 days. Patient can go to work after 2 weeks. The result will be noticeable immediately after the operation, but the final effect will become evident only after a month. Compliance with the rules of skin care for the eyelids will allow you to keep it as long as possible, sometimes this period is more than ten years.
Plastic surgeons recommend doing the first procedure at the age of 35-40. At this age, the aging process has already begun, and timely surgery will make it possible to avoid scars - marks on the skin will remain almost invisible.
Since blepharoplasty only temporarily stops aging, the operation will need to be repeated. The best age is 50, followed by 65.
Almost all patients are satisfied with the result. The main thing is to approach the task responsibly and choose a good specialist.