As a rule, ECHO of the heart is performed if there is some reason for it, namely pain localized in the region of the heart, murmurs diagnosed during auscultation, high blood pressure, and so on.
Thanks to echocardiography, you can:
evaluate how well and clearly your heart is working;
see what dimensions the heart has and how far these dimensions deviate from the norm;
determine what is the thickness of the heart walls;
measure the pressure directly inside the heart;
evaluate how well the cardiac blood flow goes through ultrasound of the heart.
It should be remembered that echocardiography, carried out on time, will be an excellent method of prevention against many serious diseases or will allow competent and effective treatment.
Just one ECHO of the heart can save a patient's life.
Ultrasound of the heart can be prescribed for the following diseases (both for detecting pathology and for preventive purposes):
any ischemic heart disease;
pathologies associated with the membranes of the organ;
for prophylactic purposes after a patient's myocardial infarction.
During echocardiography on modern equipment, it is possible to identify many indicators associated with the contraction of the heart. Even if this is an early stage of the contractile function, the specialist will determine the pathology thanks to ECHO of the heart and prescribe the necessary course of treatment.
How is the procedure done?
The study is carried out on an outpatient basis.
Recent studies by specialists have shown that ultrasound of the heart is completely safe for health, therefore it can be performed for both adult patients and children. Echocardiography is a painless procedure during which patient does not experience any discomfort.
Before starting the study, you must undress to the waist, remove any jewelry. It is necessary that patient be in a supine position and remain at rest. At certain points, special sensors are installed that are connected to the device. The monitor displays the structure and work of the heart in real time. This allows you to see possible pathologies and irregularities in the work of the chambers and valves of the heart. Echocardiography in time lasts from 20 to 60 minutes. The data obtained during heart echo is stored electronically. This is followed by the interpretation of the results obtained by the doctor and the formation of a conclusion.
This method of examining the heart is the most reliable, it allows the specialist to obtain all the necessary indicators of patient's heart. That is why echocardiography is the most popular and indicative method for examining the work of the heart.
ECHO of the heart will be useful if you experience the following symptoms:
constant weakness and the presence of causeless shortness of breath
pain localized to the heart
frequent unreasonable whitening of the skin
murmurs diagnosed on auscultation
poor weight gain in children
increased blood pressure
Ultrasound of the heart can also be prescribed if there is a suspicion of the presence of fluid localized in the pericardial region. However, echocardiography is most often prescribed to check for heart defects.
Ultrasound examination of the heart is one of the most diagnostically valuable methods of examining the structure and function of the heart, capable of assessing its work in real time. Modern equipment allows you to see not only the structure of the heart, but also the presence of possible pathological changes even in the initial stage. The data obtained make it possible to exclude or confirm the presence of deviations from the norm, which helps the cardiologist in making a diagnosis and determining treatment tactics. The examination is a non-invasive procedure, it is not accompanied by any unpleasant sensations and does not harm health. Ultrasound of the heart takes from 30 to 60 minutes and does not require any preliminary preparation.
Ultrasound of the heart is an additional study that allows you to assess the functioning of the organ as a whole, as well as to see possible deviations in the development and work of the heart. The procedure does not require special training, but there are the necessary conditions for carrying it out. It is extremely important to perform heart echoes when patient is at rest, so that the respiratory and pulse rates do not exceed the physiological norm. That is, before the procedure, it is necessary to give up physical exertion and stress.
Only if these conditions are met, ultrasound of the heart will allow to obtain the maximum amount of data. If this is not possible, it is imperative to inform the specialist which drugs you are taking. It is also advisable to refuse caffeine-containing drinks (coffee, strong tea) before ultrasound of the heart.